Stairs are the arrangement of steps to elevate your level to connect you to a different floor. Designing of stairs in a building can be tricky and architects have to take an important decision on how to make it. There are several types of staircases although all types of staircases will serve the same purpose. But some staircase can have some added advantages due to its design.
Some of the Types of The Stairs are Listed Below
#1. Straight Stairs
These are the most common type of stairs that are usually found in most of the buildings. In this kind of stairs, there is no change in direction and the width is retractable. There may be no or one flight with the landing.
#2. L Shaped Stairs/ Quarter Turn Stairs
In the case of the L shaped staircase, there will be a 90-degree change of direction of the stair at the first landing. L shaped stairs are considered to be the most classic style of the stair.
#3. Dog-Legged/ Open Newel / Half Turn Stair
In this type staircase, there will be a 180-degree change of direction at the first landing. An architect can place this type of design only if there is sufficient place. Half landings are broader and are safer to transcend. This type of staircase is most suitable for homes as there is a lower risk of falling.
#4. Circular Stair
Circular stairs are designed to connect to various floors. When these stairs are looked from above, it seems to be a circle with a single center. These are usually constructed with stone, cast iron or R.C.C.
#5. Spiral Stair
A spiral stair is similar to that of the circular stair. It has a smaller radius and a center rod to support the stairs. The narrow turns in this type of stairs are not the easiest to traverse. This is generally placed on rooftops to enhance the beauty.
#6. Bifurcated Stair
Bifurcated stairs can be placed only on a spacious house and are ideal when you want a royal look. In this type of staircase, one flight is bifurcated into two flights at the first landing. It is also known as the iconic “Titanic” staircase.
#7. Curved Stair
Curved Stairs, when looked from above, seems to be a part of curvatures of two or more centers. It seems to be continuous and has no landings. Curved stairs are preferred when there is a limitation of space. Curved stairs are generally constructed at the backside of building for the emergency purpose. This kind of stairs can make an architectural statement in a building.
#8. Geometrical Stair
Geometrical stairs are formed with the reference to any geometrical shape. There is no newel post and in this kind of stairs, the turns are constructed with winders. These are not the easiest structure to construct and you need a skilled architect to design and construct it efficiently.
Escalators are moving stairs that connect two floors. These are most commonly used in shopping mall, multiplexes, and corporate buildings. These are most preferable by people as it requires no effort to climb. As escalators are dependent on electricity, it can be a problem in case of power cuts or electrical faults.
When you are designing a staircase for your home, you can choose the suitable stair type by analyzing the following factors.
- The space provided for the stairs
- The frequency of using the stairs
- The type of stairs – main stair or supporting the stair
After the architect observes and analyzes various determinants he can determine what type of stair will be suitable for your building. There is no doubt that the staircase will enhance the looks of a building and as such, it should be constructed with the skillful architect.